Entheogenic Roman Gods

According to Dan Attrell, a researcher at the University of Waterloo, this entheogenic tradition centered on mycolatry (the religious veneration of fungi) that passed into Rome through the Hellenized Phrygian cult of Cybele, the Great Mother Goddess.

"The entheogenic effects of psychedelic mushrooms were so deemed worthy of cult by a collective cultural unconscious that the mythological figure of Attis was adopted to anthropomorphize and conceal the Amanita Muscaria mushroom. Attis, having been adopted from the same Indo-European tradition of dying and rising vegetation gods as Soma and Dionysus, was fundamentally a spiritual personification of 'ek statis' itself, the cult's conduit to the Goddess of the esoteric mysteries.

When cleverly used in conjunction within a darkened and consecrated set and setting; an emphasis on ecstatic rhythm and music and orgiastic dances; and a deep inner mysticism elaborated by fasting, rituals and myths, the mysteries of Attis and Cybele would have had an immense effect on the wider religious and cultural landscape of the Roman world prior to the rise of Christianity."

In fact, the Temple of Cybele was built in 191 BC on the Palatine Hill, the center hill of the Seven Hills of Rome and legendary birthplace of Romulus and Remus. After burning down twice, the Temple was rebuilt in 3 AD by Augustus.

From this long Roman tradition of entheogenic communion rose the cults of Mithra and the Roman Catholic Church.

In the frieze, Cybele approaches Attis in her lion-drawn chariot. Cybele carries wheat, possibly representing ergot similar to Demeter, while Attis wears the Phrygian "liberty hat" symbolic of the sacred mushroom.