Possible Origin of Kykeon

The term "kikayon" is found in the biblical book of Jonah, Chapter 4:

And God created a kikayon, and made it to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shadow over his head, to save him from his evil. And Jonah was exceeding glad because of the kikayon. But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it ate the kikayon, that it withered. Jonah was deeply upset

And it came to pass, when the sun arose, that God prepared a strong east wind; and the sun beat upon the head of Jonah, he became faint, and requested that he might die, and said: 'It is better for me to die than to live.'

And God said to Jonah: You are angry for the kikayon?' And he said: 'I am greatly angry, even unto death.'

And God said: 'You had pity on the kikayon, which you did not labor over, did not make it grow, which came up in a night, and perished in a night; [mushrooms grow at night and are often gone in a day] and should not I have pity on Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than six score thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand, and also much cattle?'

In ancient Greece, kykeon was a drink of various descriptions. Some were made mainly of water, barley and naturally occurring substances. Others were made with wine and grated cheese. It is widely believed that kykeon usually refers to a psychoactive compounded brew, as in the case of the Eleusian Mysteries. A kykeon was used at the climax of the Eleusinian Mysteries to break a sacred fast, but it is also mentioned as a favourite drink of Greek peasants.

In an attempt to solve the mystery of how so many people over the span of two millennia could have consistently experienced revelatory states during the culminating ceremony of the Eleusinian Mysteries, it has been posited that the barley used in the Eleusinian kykeon was parasitized by ergot, and that the psychoactive properties of that fungus triggered the intense experiences alluded to by the participants at Eleusis.

In this light, we might now understand the story of Jonah being swallowed by a whale for three days and nights as an allegory for a psychedelic trip resulting from the ingestion of certain psychoactive compounds in a kykeon communion drink.

Now, the name Jonah refers to the Buddhist yoni and is symbolic of a vagina. The Biblical story of being swallowed by a whale was an allegory for gestation and rebirth. The psychoactive kikayon communion was what brought about this rebirth.

"The most primitive type [of goddess] of all, however, is that of the argha or yoni of the Indian Iswara, which, from its name, was supposed to have been turned into a dove. Thus, in Noah and the Ark, as in Osiris and the Moon, we see simply the combination of the male and female elements, as they are still represented in the Hindu lingam. The introduction of the dove into the myth is a curious confirmation of this view. For, this bird, which, as 'the emblem of love and fruitfulness,' was 'consecrated to Venus under all her different names at Babylon, in Syria, Palestine, and Greece' which was the national banner-sign of the Assyrians, as of the earlier Scythic empire, whose founders, according to Hindu tradition, took the name of Ionim or Yoniyas, and which attended on Janus, a diluvian 'God of opening and shutting,' was simply a type of 'the Yoni or Jonah, or navicular feminine principle,' which was said to have assumed the form of a ship and a dove." - Ancient symbol worship: influence of the phallic idea in the religions of antiquity, Hodder M. Westropp and C. Staniland Wake.