The Liberty Archetype

Hecate was an Arcadian (pre-Greek) fertility goddess who became the symbol of freedom we know as the Columbian goddess or Lady Liberty. She was depicted as having a crown of rays and holding a torch much like Lady Liberty. She was also depicted with three faces to represent the anthropomorphized feminine trinity of Venus, Moon and Earth. Her triple torch was representative of birth, death and resurrection (or enlightenment).


As an Earth goddess preceding Artemis, Diana and Trivia, Hecate was considered a huntress of sacred plants.* Believed to hunt these at night with dogs, she was equated with entheogenic herbs like aconite (also called hecateis), belladonna, dittany, moly, and mandrake. It has been suggested that the use of dogs for digging up roots is further corroboration of the association of these plants with Hecate; indeed, since at least as early as the 1st century CE, there are a number of attestations to the apparently widespread practice of using dogs to dig up plants associated with magic.

* As another form of Hecate, the French goddess Marianne is descended from the Magdalene cults (Mari-anna Ishtar in India). Magdalene even means "the lady of the triple tower" in reference to the feminine trinity. While Frenchman Bartholdi claimed to have designed Lady Liberty after the Roman Libertas, the French people knew her as Marianne and that both were based on Hecate. Thus, the District of Columbia is surrounded by Virginia (the Virgin Mother) and Maryland (the Magdalene) to recreate the triple tower and the sacred space within it.