The Elamite Calendar

Photo: Silver cup from Marvdasht probably depicting Kiririsha, late 3rd millennium BC. National Museum of Iran.

The Elamites lived (and still do) on the plains between Iran and Iraq at the northern edge of the Persian Gulf. They were the first to make use of the Venus synodic period of 584 days in their calendar. Surviving clay tablets from Susa (the Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa) in the Louvre indicate this practice must date back to at least the 5th millennium BC (see Joachim Schultz, Movement and Rhythm of the Stars).

The Elamite goddess of Venus was Kiririsha, meaning "the Great Goddess," dating to at least the 3rd millennium BC. Some scholars believe this deity to be the origin of the Hindu Krishna, as Krishna was not worshipped by Vedic Aryans.

Now, the connection between Krishna and Christ has been pointed out many times. Both were shepherds and both died similar deaths, Krishna by an iron-nailed arrow piercing his feet and Christ crucified by iron nails. The 'nails' themselves can be understood as the purified kila dagger or "thunderbolt" used in the Vedic Veya to mark a sacred location where the sacrificial yupa pole might be raised for the Vajapeya Soma sacrifice ceremony. As I've mentioned in previous posts, the yupa pole was the forerunner of the Christian cross.

Connecting the dots, Christ descends from Krishna who descends from Kiririsha, the Elamite goddess of Venus. Furthermore, the symbolic association of the entheogenic Soma communion with Krishna/ Christ is similar to other vegetation deities (sons of the Sun), such as the Zoroastrian Mithra, Greek Dionysus and Egyptian Horus, among others. Indeed, the Egyptian Horus was described as being covered or anointed in cooking oil, "Karast," cognate with the Greek term Christos, meaning anointed (ref. Tom Harpur, professor of Theology at the University of Toronto).

This connection is further strengthened by the Vedic identification of Venus as the "torch" or fire in the kunda-yajna sacrificial fire ceremony known as Vajapeya (also Zoroastrian yasda fire ceremony). Burning the Soma communion ingredients in the fire of Venus delivered the 'Drink of Strength' to the gods. Kiririsha, Krishna and Christ are thus cognate with Venus and can be understood as entheogenic vegetation deities who act as Brahmanical (feminized) intermediaries to the masculine solar deity.

For more information on the tablet of Ammisaduqa, see:

For more information on Venus worship in Mesopotamia, see:

For more information on the Vajapeya sacrifice and ascension ceremony, see: